Category: Types of landforms

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Types of landforms

types of landforms

A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body. Landforms together make up a given terrainand their arrangement in the landscape is known as topography. Typical landforms include hillsmountainsplateauscanyonsand valleysas well as shoreline features such as bayspeninsulasand seas[ citation needed ] including submerged features such as mid-ocean ridgesvolcanoesand the great ocean basins.

Landforms are categorized by characteristic physical attributes such as elevation, slope, orientation, stratificationrock exposure, and soil type.

Gross physical features or landforms include intuitive elements such as bermsmoundshillsridgescliffsvalleysriverspeninsulasvolcanoesand numerous other structural and size-scaled e.

Oceans and continents exemplify the highest-order landforms. Landform elements are parts of a high-order landforms that can be further identified and systematically given a cohesive definition such as hill-tops, shoulders, saddles, foreslopes and backslopes. Some generic landform elements including: pits, peaks, channels, ridges, passes, pools and plains. Terrain or relief is the third or vertical dimension of land surface. Topography is the study of terrain, although the word is often used as a synonym for relief itself.

When relief is described underwaterthe term bathymetry is used. In cartographymany different techniques are used to describe relief, including contour lines and TIN Triangulated irregular network. These are areas with relatively homogeneous morphometric properties, bounded by lines of discontinuity. A plateau or a hill can be observed at various scales ranging from few hundred meters to hundreds of kilometers. Hence, the spatial distribution of landforms is often scale-dependent as is the case for soils and geological strata.

A number of factors, ranging from plate tectonics to erosion and depositioncan generate and affect landforms. Biological factors can also influence landforms— for example, note the role of vegetation in the development of dune systems and salt marshesand the work of corals and algae in the formation of coral reefs. Landforms do not include man-made features, such as canalsports and many harbors ; and geographic features, such as desertsforestsand grasslands.

Many of the terms are not restricted to refer to features of the planet Earthand can be used to describe surface features of other planets and similar objects in the Universe.

Examples are mountains, hills, polar caps, and valleys, which are found on all of the terrestrial planets. The scientific study of landforms is known as geomorphology. Landforms may be extracted from a digital elevation model using some automated techniques where the data has been gathered by modern satellites and stereoscopic aerial surveillance cameras.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Feature of the solid surface of a planetary body. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

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Keith Jones September All over the Planet, there are hundreds of Landforms types scattered. Some Landforms are much more common and spectacular as compared to other Landforms. Some of the Landforms have the same features and it is quite difficult to tell about which feature what is. Landforms are re-shaped constantly and sometimes it is not easy to tell what exactly one is.

We have chosen few basic Landforms for discussing them in much more detail. They are as Follows Now we will go to Cape. Now we will go to Coastline. The coastline is all that lands which line the Oceans and Seas.

They are used to form the boundary between the Seas and Land. This Coastline is used to consist of Continental Shelf. Now we will go to Continental Shelf. Continental Shelf can be extended Far into the Sea up to where the beginning of the Continental Shelf. When the rivers drop off sediments in the Low-lying regions, basically as they enter into the estuary, sea, and ocean, a Delta which is a feature is formed.

Now we will go to Desert. Desert is a dry area with a very much less or no rainfall. Desert also has very much less or no vegetation at all.

Desert has a high temperature at Day and Night due to the absence of the Vegetation cover. Now we will go to Glacier. Glacier is an ice in motion which is situated usually along the slope. The ice of the Glacier may break off as well as slide downhill under its own weight or slide it may slide downhill as its underlying rocks warms up and also it begins to melt.

An island is a piece of land which is surrounded by Water. An island is basically found in the Sea, but if it is in an inland Water body, it is known as an eyot. Now we will go to Isthmus. This strip of land separates two Water Bodies.

Mountain is a massive, rocky highland which has pointed or rounded top that extends hundreds of feet which is above its surrounding lands. A mountain is not a Hill, as a Hill is relatively smaller and it has gentle slopes with rounded tops. Plains have very big regions or they are relatively flat lands.

types of landforms

A Plain which has a river that floods its banks is known as Floodplain. It is a large highland which has flat top rising above its environment with steep slopes on at least one side. A Plateau can be a weathered as well as it can be eroded down into a mesa as well as even further into a butte.

What types of Landforms are made by Rivers?

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.Several major categories of landform define that smaller portion of the planet not covered by water, including mountains, plains, plateaus and valleys. These can be formed by a variety of natural forces, including erosion from water and wind, plate movement, folding and faulting, and volcanic activity.

Volcanism can form islands, such as Hawaii, built on a series of broad basaltic shield volcanoes. Most of the Earth's surface consists of low and high plains, defined by a mostly level profile that ranges from gently rolling to completely flat. While those examples are low-lying, higher-elevation plains such as the Great Plains of central North America — built by sediment washed out of the Rocky Mountains and accumulated in long-ago seaways — also exist.

You can easily have a forested plain. Plateaus can be thought of as elevated plains — that is, elevated flattish areas — bordered on at least one side by lower-lying land and often edged by fairly abrupt scarps.

These terrain features may derive from very old mountains eroded down over time, while others form by block-faulting. In arid climates, plateaus can be heavily sculpted by water and wind erosion into mesas, buttes and canyons with extensive bare rock, as in the Colorado Plateau of the American Southwest. The erosion of rivers and the moving ice bodies called glaciers help sculpt valleys, often in combination with faulting. Glaciers flowing down drainages tend to sculpt U-shaped valleys; such glacially carved troughs often come to support lakes, as in the Finger Lakes of New York State.

Running water, by contrast, tends to carve out V-shaped valleys. Mountain valleys tend to have steep walls and narrow channels — such features may be called canyons or gorges — while valleys on plains tend to have shallow slopes and wider channels. Caves form in karsts, where limestone, dolomite, or gypsum rocks are slowly dissolved by groundwater. Others are formed by waves pounding cliffs on the coastlines, or where molten rock drains out the inside of a lava tube of a volcano.

The ecological landscapes known as deserts, defined by very arid conditions of low precipitation and high evaporation, include plentiful mountains, plains, plateaus and canyons that include distinctive sub-varieties of desert landforms.

These include gravel plains, sand dunes and dry lakebeds. Many natural factors are responsible for the creation of deserts, particularly current and past climatic conditions. The Mojave Desert in California consists of 1. The region is within a great inland drainage basin where ancient lakes overflowed into adjacent valleys and eventually spilled into Death Valley. After the region dried up, it left dry lakebeds exposed to erosion by the wind.

David Barber has been a print and radio journalist since About the Author. Photo Credits.

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Copyright Leaf Group Ltd.This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. Learn more Got it! Landforms are natural physical features of the Earth's surface. As an element of topography, a landform is defined by its shape, location, and how it was formed. Aeolian landforms are formed by either the erosive or constructive action of the wind. As the wind erodes the land it has the effect of sandblasting the surface, leaving rock surfaces such as those found in the desert.

Barchan - A convex-shaped sand dune with a gentle slope up the side of the wind direction and a degree slip face that faces away from the wind. Sandhill - A sandy or low-vegetation hill area that receives minimal rainfall and has trouble retaining the water. It forms the bottom of the continental rise and the top of the oceanic trench. Beach and raised beach - The land along the edge of a body of water, consisting of loose rocks or sand.

Cuspate foreland - An accumulation of sand and gravel forming a land body that extends like a "finger" into the body of water. Estuary - A semi-enclosed body of water with a connection to the sea and with at least one inbound source of water. Marine terrace - A flat, often slightly inclined, surface with a slight slope on the water side and a steeper slope on the land side.

River delta - A deposit of sediment at the mouth of a river where it flows into a larger body of water. Cave- An underground space created by the weathering of rocks that is enclosed and large enough to enter.

types of landforms

Hogback- A narrow ridge of hills with steep slopes and a narrow crest. The slopes are usually close to equal on both sides. Maar - A shallow volcanic crater caused by an explosion of groundwater water contacting magma or lava. These different examples of landforms highlight the many types of formations caused by wind and water. Home Examples Examples of Landforms. Aeolian Landforms Aeolian landforms are formed by either the erosive or constructive action of the wind.

Examples are: Barchan - A convex-shaped sand dune with a gentle slope up the side of the wind direction and a degree slip face that faces away from the wind Blowout - A small hollow Desert pavement - A sheet-like surface of rock Desert varnish - A dark stain on the surfaces of desert rocks Dune - A hill or mountain of sand Dreikanter - A three-faced weathered rock Erg - A sand covered desert Loess - An accumulation of sediment or silt that are joined together by calcium carbonate Dry lake - A waterless lakebed, typically covered in fine-grained rocks that contain salt Sandhill - A sandy or low-vegetation hill area that receives minimal rainfall and has trouble retaining the water.

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Ventifact - Rocks that have been cut and polished by the wind Yardang - Very large or very long, streamlined, sculpted forms caused by wind erosion. It forms the bottom of the continental rise and the top of the oceanic trench Archipelago - A group of islands Atoll - A ring-shaped coral reef Arch - A rock formation with an opening Ayre - A narrow beach across the ends of a shallow bay Barrier bar and barrier island - A flat formation of sand that is parallel to the coast Bay and gulf - A body of water connected to an ocean but surrounded on most sides by land Beach and raised beach - The land along the edge of a body of water, consisting of loose rocks or sand.

Summit on a mountain as examples of landforms. Related Articles.

The Different Types of Landforms

Post a comment.Types of landforms There are hundreds of landform types scattered all over the planet earth. Some of them are more common and spectacular than others. Some also have very similar features and it can be difficult telling which feature is what. Landforms are constantly being re-shaped and sometimes not easy to tell what exactly one is. We have selected a few basic landforms to discuss them in more detail. Canyon: A deep, narrow valley with very steep walls carved out by water erosion.

Learn More Cape: A piece of land headland extending from the coastline and into the sea. Learn More Coastline : This is all the lands that line the seas and oceans. They form the boundary between land and seas.

The coastline includes the continental shelf. Learn More Continental Shelf: This is the lands along the beaches with shallow waters over them. They can extend far into the sea up to where the continental slope begins. Learn More Delta: A delta is a feature formed when rivers drop off sediments in low-lying areas, usually as they enter the ocean, sea or an estuary.

types of landforms

Learn More Desert: This is a dry region with very little of no rainfall. They also have very little or no vegetation at all. They have extreme night and day temperatures because of the absence of vegetative cover. Learn More Glacier: This is ice in motion usually along a slope. The ice may break off and slide downhill under its own weight or slide downhill as its underlying rock warms up and begins to melt. Learn More Island: A piece of land surrounded by water.

An island is usually in the sea, but if it is in an inland water body, it is called an eyot. Learn More Isthmus: This is a strip of land connecting two larger land areas. This strip separates two water bodies. Learn More Mountain: A massive, rocky highland with pointed or rounded top extending hundreds of feet above its surrounding lands.

A hill is not a mountain, as it is relatively smaller and has gentle slopes and rounded tops. Learn More Plains: These are very large areas or relatively flat lands. A plain with a river that often floods its banks is called a floodplain. Learn More Plateau: A large highland with flat top rising above its surrounding with steep slopes on at least one side.

A plateau can be weathered and eroded down into a mesa and even further into a butte. Learn More Sand dune: A sand dune is a mound of sand usually formed in windy areas with very little or no vegetation and with lots of sand. They are created from drifting sand grains.

List of landforms

Learn More Valley: A valley is a low-lying landmass a depression that is bounded by higher grounds, often mountains and hills. A valley can just be the area at the foot of two mountains, but they can also run for many miles. Learn More. All Rights Reserved.The four main types of landforms are mountains, plateaus, plains and hills. A landform is defined as any natural feature on the Earth's surface, which includes other minor landforms such as valleys, buttes, basins and canyons.

Landforms are generally created by the movement of tectonic plates and through erosion. For instance, the collision between two tectonic plates can cause the Earth's crust to fold and create huge mountains.

It can also lead to the formations of volcanoes, which can both create and destroy new landforms. Erosion is responsible for breaking down landforms and turning one type into another.

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Over time, wind and water can erode away rock and soil to create valleys or eventually turn mountains into hills. Both erosion and tectonic plate movement occur over a period of thousands or millions of years. Everest and most other mountains are far older than that. Despite their name, landforms can also occur under water, especially in oceans and seas. These underwater landforms often take the form of large mountain ranges, volcanoes or basins.

At a depth of nearly 37, feet, the Mariana Trench is the deepest landform in the world. Home Science. What Are the Four Types of Landforms?

What Are the Three Types of Plateaus? What Is the Landscape Like in Mexico? What Are the Physical Features of France?Types of Landforms from Mocomi. At some places the land may be too high, at some places very low, some areas would be lush green and certain areas are dry and barren. Our planet earth is a beautiful collaboration of various physical features. These different physical features are called the various landforms on the surface of the earth.

These are geographical features that control the ecosystem, climate, weather and the essence of life on earth. The various landforms that we have, came into existence due to natural processes such as erosion, wind, rain, weather conditions such as ice, frost and chemical actions.

Natural events and disasters such as earthquakes the tectonic plates and eruption of volcanoes created the various shapes of the land that we see. The different major landforms are mountains, hills, valleys, plateaus, plains and deserts. It helped me in my geography paper as well as my research work which was very difficult for me…. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for excellent info I was looking for this information for my mission.

Its nice one, but if pictures are accompanied with the articles it would be more useful for kids to understand….

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Geography Learn. Types of Landforms Geography yrs Interactive. Facts about Mountains A mountain is the highest landform on the surface of the earth. It is usually found to be conical in shape with steep sides and a pointed tip called a peak.

As compared to their surroundings, mountains are high points on the surface of the earth. Mountain range is a series of mountains. Mountains could be steep and snow covered or they could be gently sloping having rounded tops. The highest mountain range in the world is the Himalayas.


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